At James Oglethorpe, we follow the Abacus scheme of work which follows the 2014 National Curriculum.


In Reception, children have a daily maths carpet session following the Abacus scheme of work.  They are taught to count, recognise and order numbers to 20.  They use objects to add and subtract to 10 and solve problems including halving, doubling and sharing.  They learn the names of some 2D and 3D shapes and talk about their properties.  Our environment is set up to provide opportunities for children to weigh, measure and compare in practical contexts to solve real life problems.  The adults use their knowledge of each child to extend their mathematical thinking as they play.​


Children in Years 1 and 2 will be given a  solid foundation in the basic building blocks of mental and written arithmetic. Building on their existing knowledge they will explore number further so they are confident with two digit numbers and beyond. They will learn more about place value, number patterns, number facts and this will link this into everyday life such as money. Pupils will use physical learning resources known as ‘Maths manipulatives’ to support their understanding of new concepts and to consolidate what they already know. The children will be encouraged to use their maths skills to solve mathematical problems and explain the reasoning behind their findings. The children will continue to learn more about different 2d and 3d shapes, weight, measure and time.


In Lower Key Stage 2, children build on the concrete and conceptual understandings they have gained in Key Stage 1 to develop a real mathematical understanding of the four operations, in particular developing arithmetical competence in relation to larger numbers.In Upper Key Stage 2, children move on from dealing mainly with whole numbers to performing arithmetic operations with both decimals and fractions. Pupils gradually move away from using concrete resources to calculate and onto more abstract calculation methods, although the use of maths manipulatives is encouraged  when teachers are  introducing new concepts. 

To ensure all pupils are competent in their use of multiplication and division, the children use TTRockstars (which is an online incentive driven scheme) that challenges children to compete with themselves in timed conditions as well as their peers.  Children enjoy the competitive side of this when they compete with different classes and borough schools as well as the opportunity to win certificates and gain extra playtime/non-uniform days. Find out more about TTrockstars here in the parents’ guide

Abacus Calculation Policy EYFSAbacus Calculation Policy KS1Abacus Calculation Policy KS2
Abacus Weekly Plan EYFS Abacus Weekly Plans KS1 Abacus Weekly Plans KS2